Czech Republic population density is 134.1 people per square kilometer (347.4/mi 2) as of December 2020. The Czech Republic has the top beer consumption per capita across the world. The territory reverts to Germany in 2028. A watched news program is TV Nova. The Czech Republic's central European landscape is dominated by the Bohemian Massif, which rises to heights of 3,000 ft (900 m) above sea level. A history of resistance to the Catholic Church followed. What is the legal situation of prostitution today in the Czech Republic? Most of the foreign population lives in Prague (37.3%) and Central Bohemia Region (13.2%). [126] In 2001, the total earnings from tourism reached 118 billion CZK, making up 5.5% of GNP and 9% of overall export earnings. Prague, with the oldest university north of the Alps (Charles University, 1348), functioned as a royal and imperial capital. [92] The Czech Republic participates in the European Single Market as a member of the European Union and is therefore a part of the economy of the European Union but uses its own currency, the Czech koruna, instead of the euro. Known as the lands of the Bohemian Crown since the 14th century, a number of other names for the country have been used including Czech/Bohemian lands, Bohemian Crown, Czechia[28] and the lands of the Crown of Saint Wenceslas. The Government's exercise of executive power derives from the Constitution. The Czech Republic's official formal and short names at the United Nations are Česká republika and Česko in Czech, and the Czech Republic and Czechia in English. The wealth of musical culture lies in the classical music tradition during all historical periods, especially in the Baroque, Classicism, Romantic, modern classical music and in the traditional folk music of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. The Charles Bridge and Vltava River in Prague. [42], Slavs from the Black Sea–Carpathian region settled in the area (their migration was pushed by an invasion of peoples from Siberia and Eastern Europe into their area:[43] Huns, Avars, Bulgars and Magyars). [70], In November 1989, Czechoslovakia returned to a liberal democracy through the Velvet Revolution. This arrangement is modeled on the U.S. Senate but each constituency is roughly the same size and the voting system used is a two-round runoff. [163], In the 17th century, the Baroque style spread throughout the Crown of Bohemia. According to statistics, average Czech drinks about 160 liters of beer per year! There are restrictions against writing in support of Nazism, racism or violating Czech law. Tourism around the Southern Moravian region has been producing wine since the Middle Ages; about 94% of vineyards in the Czech Republic are Moravian. As of 2017[update], VDSL and ADSL2+ are offered in variants with download speeds of up to 50 Mbit/s and upload speeds of up to 5 Mbit/s. [154] The Muslim population is estimated to be 20,000 representing 0.2% of the population.[155]. Production of Czech electricity exceeds consumption by about 10 TWh per year, which are exported. 1. Updates? [77] The Supreme Court is formed of 67 judges and is the court of highest appeal for most legal cases heard in the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic also leases the Moldauhafen, a 30,000-square-meter (7.4-acre) lot in the middle of the Hamburg Docks which was awarded to Czechoslovakia by Article 363 of the Treaty of Versailles to allow the landlocked country a place where goods transported down river could be transferred to seagoing ships. [98] The 2016 unemployment rate was the lowest in the EU at 2.4%[99] and the 2016 poverty rate was the second lowest of OECD members. [162] Emphasis was placed on comfort and buildings that were built for entertainment purposes also appeared. [129], The Czech Republic boasts 14 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The earliest preserved stone buildings in Bohemia and Moravia date back to the time of the Christianization in the 9th and 10th century. Czech Republic, country located in central Europe. [146] The former Czech prime minister, Jan Fischer, is of Jewish faith. Sitting squarely in the heart of the continent, the Czech Republic presents aspiring expatriate workers with a unique hybrid of Eastern and Western Europe. Warning! kniha, 219 pages, first issue - vydalo nakladatelství Paris Karviná, Žižkova 2379 (734 01 Karviná, Czech Republic) ve spolupráci s Masarykovým demokratickým hnutím (Masaryk Democratic Movement, Prague), 2019, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, The chronicles of Beneš Krabice of Veitmil – the hymn "Svatý Václave" mentioned there as old and well-known in the end of the 13th century, Dějiny české hudby v obrazech (History of Czech music in pictures); in Czech, Czechoslovak resistance to Nazi occupation, Supreme Administrative Court of the Czech Republic, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index, Office for Foreign Relations and Information, Programme for International Student Assessment, Prague Spring International Music Festival, Jihlava International Documentary Film Festival, second-largest ice hockey arena in Europe, National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic, Česko má nové oficiální národnostní menšiny. During the 18th and 19th century the Czech National Revival began its rise with the purpose to revive Czech language, culture and national identity. The coldest temperature ever measured was in Litvínovice near České Budějovice in 1929, at −42.2 °C (−44.0 °F) and the hottest measured was at 40.4 °C (104.7 °F) in Dobřichovice in 2012. History is always close at hand in the Czech Republic, where stunning castles such as Karlštejn (former keep of the royal crown of St. Wenceslas) and manor houses dot the landscape and medieval town centres abound. During the 13th century it was replaced by the Gothic style. The Office for Foreign Relations and Information (ÚZSI) serves as the foreign intelligence agency responsible for espionage and foreign policy briefings as well as protection of Czech Republic's embassies abroad. Christianization in the 9th and 10th centuries introduced Catholicism. 45% of the population did not answer the question about religion. The president of Czechia is Miloš Zeman. In the Baroque era, there were Wenceslaus Hollar, Jan Kupecký, Karel Škréta, Anton Raphael Mengs or Petr Brandl, sculptors Matthias Braun and Ferdinand Brokoff. The Czech Republic is a modern country with high living standards, extensive social security, and an accessible healthcare system, as well as very good educational opportunities. 57 talking about this. We have reviews of the best places to see in Czech Republic. The coldest month is usually January, followed by February and December. Further south the town of České Budějovice lent its name to its beer known as Budweiser Budvar. Gas consumption (approx. [75], The Czech Republic is a unitary state[76] with a civil law system based on the continental type rooted in Germanic legal culture. Czechia , the official English short name specified by the Czech government, is used by many international organisations and attested as early as 1841. 4. A Civil code became effective in 2014. Sporadic rainfall is throughout the year (in Prague, the average number of days per month experiencing at least 0.1 mm (0.0039 in) of rain varies from 12 in September and October to 16 in November) but concentrated rainfall (days with more than 10 mm (0.39 in) per day) are more frequent in the months of May to August (average around two such days per month). The Chamber of Deputies, the successor to the Czech National Council, has the powers and responsibilities of the defunct federal parliament of the former Czechoslovakia. As of 2012[update], the Slav Epic can be seen in the Veletržní Palace of the National Gallery in Prague, which manages the largest collection of art in the Czech Republic. [143], There were 496,413 foreigners residing in the country in 2016, according to the Czech Statistical Office, with the largest groups being Ukrainian (22%), Slovak (22%), Vietnamese (12%), Russian (7%) and German (4%). News & Advice. [88], The Czech Republic has a developed,[90] high-income[91] export-oriented social market economy based in services, manufacturing and innovation that maintains a welfare state and the European social model. We will guide you to other cultural gems, small towns, castles and beautiful mountains. The bordering mountain ranges can be observed on the physical map of the Czech Republic above. On average, summer temperatures are about 20–30 °C (36–54 °F) higher than during winter. The Czech Republic , also called by its short-form name, Czechia (/ˈtʃɛkiə/ (listen); Czech: Česko [ˈtʃɛsko] (listen)), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Austria, Germany, Poland and Slovakia. Czechs are proud of their inventions: they invented contact lenses and refined sugar. Czech Republic seizes more than 100,000 face masks meant for Italy. Source: Oskar Krejčí, Martin C. Styan, Ústav politických vied SAV. All of them are in the cultural category. Visit top … The capital and the biggest city is Prague. The Czech Republic ranks 13th in the UN inequality-adjusted human development and 14th in World Bank Human Capital Index. The Parliament (Parlament České republiky) is bicameral with the Chamber of Deputies (Czech: Poslanecká sněmovna) (200 members) and the Senate (Czech: Senát) (81 members). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. According to the 2018 Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index, Czech citizens have visa-free access to 173 countries, which ranks them 7th along with Malta and New Zealand. The cost of living is very affordable, so expats can expect to live a great lifestyle. Bohemia is bounded by Austria in the southeast, by Germany in the west and northwest, by Poland in the north and northeast, and by Moravia in the ..... Click the link for more information. In 1938 Czechoslovakia held 10th place in the world industrial production. Membership in the European Union and NATO is central to the Czech Republic's foreign policy. In 1620, the rebellion in Bohemia was crushed at the Battle of White Mountain and the ties between Bohemia and the Habsburgs' hereditary lands in Austria were strengthened. In the Czech lands mainly expressionist and cubist: Josef Čapek, Emil Filla, Bohumil Kubišta, Jan Zrzavý. During the 19th century stands the revival architectural styles. All these names derive from the name of the Czechs, the West Slavic ethnic group native to the Czech lands. Czech border closure for travellers from Canada - valid from November 9, 2020., 04.11.2020 / 23:23 | Aktualizováno: 23.11.2020 / 19:22 As of November 9, 2020, the borders of the Czech Republic will be closed, with limited exceptions, to travelers from countries not on the list of the Czech Republic's Ministry of Health Travel Directive, that categorizes countries in relation… The Škoda Motorsport is engaged in competition racing since 1901 and has gained a number of titles with various vehicles around the world. The Constitutional Court consists of 15 constitutional judges and oversees violations of the Constitution by either the legislature or by the government. [173] The early Czech sound film era was productive above all in mainstream genres with the comedies of Martin Frič or Karel Lamač. [24][25][26] The name comes from the Slavic tribe (Czech: Češi, Čechové) and according to legend, their leader Čech who brought them to Bohemia to settle on Říp Mountain. [135] Immigration increased the population by almost 1% in 2007. [7] From 1991 to 2001 and further to 2011 the adherence to Catholicism decreased from 39% to 27% and then to 10%; Protestantism declined from 3.7% to 2% and then to 0.8%. A region of rolling hills and mountains, Bohemia is dominated by the national capital, Prague. There are four national parks in the Czech Republic. [96] According to Allianz A.G., in 2018 the country was an MWC (mean wealth country), ranking 26th in net financial assets. After the Habsburg victory, the German language replaced Czech for almost two centuries—until the Czechs experienced an extraordinary linguistic and cultural revival that coincided with the revolutions of 1848 and the spread of industrialization. Maximum speed is limited to 160 km/h. A relatively small country of just over 10 million citizens, the Czechs have long been a defining presence in Central Europe. [18][19] Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy. News & Advice. Its safeguards agreement under the NPT came into force in 1997. It comprises the historical provinces of Bohemia and Moravia along with the southern tip of Silesia, collectively called the Czech Lands. Called “the handsomest city of Europe” since the 18th century, it has intoxicated writers, poets, and musicians alike. The country is also known for its various museums. At the highest peak of Sněžka (1,603 m or 5,259 ft), the average temperature is −0.4 °C (31 °F) whereas in the lowlands of the South Moravian Region, the average temperature is as high as 10 °C (50 °F). Preclík, Vratislav. Winter in Czech Republic means enjoying all sorts of activities which aren’t available the rest of the year – such as riding the steam train. [144], The Jewish population of Bohemia and Moravia, 118,000 according to the 1930 census, was annihilated by the Nazi Germans during the Holocaust. The Czech Republic's Dolní Vítkovice is a cultural heritage area with impressive 19th-century industrial architecture, now used as museums and art spaces. The Czech passport is restricted by visas. [133] The Czech Republic's population subsequently has an average age of 42.5 years. Through a multitude of cultural, economic, ecclesiastical, and dynastic links, Bohemian kings became directly involved in the affairs of the German rulers of the Holy Roman Empire and opened the country to German colonization, which brought prosperity through silver mining and rapid urbanization. 180 ] other public services include the Czech Republic that ranks 7th in the World 40,000 km of marked and. 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